In the last decades, many pre-alpine and alpine lakes have seen increased erosion of littoral sediments. This process is endangering underwater monuments (pile dwellings) designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, among others.
It is hypothesized that mainly anthropogenic intervention are accountable for the observed hydromorphological changes in littoral zones. Lakes in Germany are used in a variety of different ways. Demands with regard to use often go hand-in-hand with a significant structural impact due to shore construction, i.e. bank reinforcements or harbours, with lake uses in the form of recreational sporting activities, and with shipping. This leads to modifications of the hydrodynamic conditions in the littoral zone, which in turn impacts the transport and balance of solid substances and the submerged macrophyte and macro- invertebrate communities.
So far, the effects of human-induced - anthropogenic - changes in the shallow littoral zone of lakes are not fully understand yet. In particular, the complex process relationships and their interactions.
The collaborative project HyMoBioStrategy focuses on developing solutions and strategies to improve the ecological status of the shores and littoral zones as well as on recommendations for a sustainable management in lakes.